The work expense scheme uses the concept of tax-free margin (or also called free space), which is the amount you can reimburse free of tax rates.
|The first €400.000
This means that the employer can reimburse any expense incurred by the individual employee but that they must remain below the threshold or face the prospect of paying an 80% levy on everything above the margin.
What is not salary
Some expenses are however not seen as salary and as such are outside the scope of the Werkkostenregeling. There are three types of payments that do not form part of the Werkkostenregeling and are not included in the total salary bill. These are exempted salary, zero valuations and specific exemptions. You can find information about these exceptions in chapter 22 of the Payroll Taxes Handbook.
Exempted salary is tax free, but not at the expense of the tax-free margin. Exempted salary is an ‘intermediate cost’ where the employee pays for something on behalf of the employer.
Examples are reimbursing an employee when he paid for advertising on their credit card, providing a laptop for an employee and paying for a training for an employee.
Small gifts that are not related to job performance are also seen as not in the scope of the Werkkostenregeling. An example here would be flowers sent to the employee for their birthday.
Zero valuations are provisions valued at €0 and therefore tax-free. Nil valuations are also not at the expense of the free space. Often this will cover benefits that are used in the workplace that would not ordinarily be used elsewhere. Examples of a zero valuation would be coffee provided in the office, a car parking space, facilities in the home office or work clothes like overalls and personal protective equipment.
Some items are specifically exempted from the Werkkostenregeling and are not there is no need to pay tax. This applies specifically for meals in the company canteen, childcare arranged by the employer and housing at the workplace.