Per Diem

In Denmark, employers can pay their employees per diems (i.e. daily allowances) as compensation for expenses incurred while they are on a business trip.

Per diems are not considered part of an employee’s pay and are thus tax-free if:

  • Overnight: The employee spends the night away from home;
  • At least 24 hours: The employee must be away for at least 24 hours;
  • Distance: The employee is not able to travel between the normal place of residence and the temporary workplace which makes it possible for the employee to spend the night at home;
  • Business trip: It should be a business trip. This includes situations where the employee is: a) required to be on call and therefore has to stay at or in the vicinity of the temporary place of work during the on-call duty period; b) required to remain at a specific location in the evening because the extracurricular activities taking place in the evening serve a work-related team-building purpose; c) working long or variable hours so that there is a short period between the end of a working day and the start of the next;
  • Up to a maximum amount: The allowance is only tax-free up to a maximum amount, which is explained below.

Reimbursements or daily allowances that do not fulfil the requirements are considered taxable income, as well as the amount that exceeds the maximum amount of daily allowances set out above.

Maximum daily allowances

Domestic business trips

These are the maximum tax-free allowances per day for domestic travel:

2024 2023
Accommodation DKK 246 DKK 238
Food and petty acquisitions DKK 574 DKK 555
Food for tourist drivers when driving in Denmark DKK 75 DKK 75
Food for tourist drivers when driving outside Denmark DKK 150 DKK 150


You can find them on the Danish Customs and Tax Administration‘s website.

International business trips

In principle, the maximum tax-free daily allowances for international business trips are the same as for domestic business trips. However, some countries have other rates for the food and petty acquisitions allowance, which you can find at the end of this article.

If you work outside Denmark, your annual deduction for travel expenses including other possible deductions relating to your non-Danish salary may not exceed your non-Danish salary which is taxable in Denmark or exceed DKK 31,600 in 2024 (DKK 30,500 in 2023).

Food and petty acquisitions allowance

The food allowance is paid on a per-day basis. This means that the tax-free food allowance is triggered when the employee has been travelling for 24 hours. Therefore, allowances are payable for each hour of travel.

Example: If, for example, you have travelled for 20 hours, you can’t obtain a tax-free allowance. If, on the other hand, you have travelled for 40 hours, you can get the daily rate plus 16/24 of the daily rate.


If the employer provides the employee’s meals during the business trip or the employee gets meals for free (e.g. included in the hotel), the tax-free allowance should be reduced. Deductions are made according to the following table:

Breakfast 15%
Lunch 30%
Dinner 30%


12-month limitation

The employee can only get a tax-free allowance for food and petty acquisitions at the standard rate during the first 12 months in which the employee is working at a temporary workplace. Holidays, days off, business trips or sick days do not count towards these 12 months.

Switch of workplace

A new 12-month period, therefore, begins if an employee switches to a new temporary workplace, which is located at least 8 km from the former workplace via normal transport routes even though he or she keeps working for the same employer on the same work project.

The 12-month limitations do not apply when the temporary workplaces are moved in line with the performance/completion of the work, such as with motorway, bridge and railway projects. The 12-month limitation also does not apply if the temporary workplace is constantly moving, e.g. in connection with working on board ships. In these cases, the employee can get tax-free per diems after the first 12 months.

Return to previous workplace

If the employee returns to a previous workplace where he or she has worked temporarily, a new 12-month period will start if the employee has worked for a period of at least 40 consecutive working days at the other workplace.

This means that the employee must have worked for a minimum of 40 consecutive working days at the second workplace. Holidays, days off, business trips or sick days are not included in the 40 working days.

Accommodation allowance

The maximum tax-free daily allowance for accommodation is DKK 246 for 2024 (2023: DKK 238).

No accommodation allowance is provided to the following individuals:

  • Individuals that receive B-income. B-income is income on which tax and labour market contributions (AM-bidrag) have not been withheld by your employer, for example, if you work freelance or have been paid a fee for giving a concert or a lecture;
  • Individuals who transport goods or people;
  • Individuals that work on board ships, fishing vessels, aircraft and facilities that are used for the exploration and exploitation of natural resources.
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You can easily download the per diem list for Denmark in Rydoo. Learn more.

International business trips: list of rates (2024)

Per diem rate (in DKK)
Bulgaria 428
Slovakia 409
Mozambique 384
South Africa 318
Tunisia 456
Zambia 437
Zimbabwe 330
Egypt 441
Bolivia 330
Columbia 437
Cuba 462
Bangladesh 437
Bhutan 241
India 318
Iran 330
Malaysia 323
Nepal 268
Pakistan 273
Thailand 394


Source:  Circular on rate regulation for business trips in 2024

You can find the previous rates for 2023 here.

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